Circassian Profile image
Welcome!

The Circassian Alphabet.

English  Русский  Türkçe  العربية
The Circassian language is a Northwest Caucasian language spoken by the Circassian people, who are native to the Caucasus region in Eastern Europe. It is a rich and expressive language with a long history and a unique set of characteristics. The Circassian language has a highly-developed system of consonants and a relatively simple system of vowels.

It is an agglutinative language, which means that word endings are used to convey grammatical information, and it has a relatively free word order.
There are several dialects of the Circassian language, including Adyghe, Kabardian, and Abaza.

Throughout its history, the Circassian language has been written using a number of different writing systems, including the Greek, Georgian, Cyrillic, and Latin alphabets. Each of these writing systems has had its own unique role in the history of the Circassian language.

The first known writing system used to write the Circassian language was the Greek alphabet. 
The Greek alphabet was introduced to the Caucasus region by Christian missionaries in the 4th century AD, and it was used to write the Circassian language for a time. 

However, the Greek alphabet was not well suited to representing the sounds of the Circassian language, and it was eventually replaced by other writing systems.


  • The Greek alphabet was the first known writing system used to write the Circassian language. It was introduced to the Caucasus region by Christian missionaries in the 4th century AD and was used to write the Circassian language for a time. However, the Greek alphabet was not well suited to represent the sounds of the Circassian language, and it was eventually replaced by other writing systems.

  • The Georgian alphabet was adapted to write the Circassian language in the 19th century, and it was used to publish a number of Circassian-language books and newspapers. The Georgian alphabet is an indigenous alphabet that has been used to write the Georgian language for over 1,500 years. It consists of 33 letters and is written using a combination of upper and lower case letters.

  • The Cyrillic alphabet was introduced to the Caucasus region in the 19th century and was adopted as the official writing system for the Circassian language in the Soviet Union. It is an alphabet used to write a number of different languages, including Russian, Ukrainian, and Serbian. It is based on the Greek alphabet and consists of 33 letters.

  • The Latin alphabet has also been used to write the Circassian language in some cases, particularly in Turkey and Jordan, where many Circassians have emigrated. It consists of 26 letters and is written using a combination of upper and lower case letters.


  • The Circassian language is characterized by its complex system of vowel and consonant harmony, as well as its use of vowel and consonant gradation. It also has a rich system of vowel and consonant mutations, which can change the meaning of a word depending on its grammatical context.



    The main dialects of the Circassian language are the Abazakh, the Bzhedug, the kabardian, the Shapsug, the Temirgoy and Ubykh. Each dialect has its own unique features and variations, but they are all considered to be mutually intelligible.

    Over the centuries, the Circassian language has faced many challenges, including suppression and assimilation efforts by the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Today, the Circassian language is considered to be endangered, with many young people speaking Russian or other languages instead. However, there are efforts being made to preserve and revive the language, including language education programs and community initiatives.

    The Circassian language is spoken by approximately 3 million people worldwide, with the majority of speakers living in Russia. It is one of the official languages of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, and it is also spoken in a number of other countries, including Turkey, Jordan, and Syria.

    Learning the Circassian language can be a great way to connect with the Circassian culture and community, and it's also a way to preserve the language and culture for future generations. There are several resources available online

    In conclusion, the Circassian language is a rich and expressive language with a long history. It has been written using a number of different writing systems throughout its history, including the Greek, Georgian, Cyrillic, and Latin alphabets. 

    Each of these writing systems has its own unique characteristics and has played an important role in the history and development of the Circassian language.

    Choose and Vote:
    Your favorite Alphabet to learn the Circassian language?